4 Monthly Checks Required for all LED Inspection-Grade Lamps

4 Monthly Checks Required for all LED Inspection-Grade Lamps

Time:2019-1-8

User-check requirements for LED UV-A lamps, and how to plot the beam of an LED UV-A lamp for Airbus AITM6-1001 Issue 11

User-check requirements for LED UV-A lamps, and how to plot the beam of an LED UV-A lamp for Airbus AITM6-1001 Issue 11

By David Geis, Product Manager

The user-check requirements for LED UV-A Lamps continue to evolve as Aerospace Primes have more experience and feedback from their supplier network. Previously, we described How to Check LED UV Stability in order to comply with Airbus AITM 6-1001 Issue 11. Since then, Airbus has changed the monitoring requirements for users. LED UV Stability is no longer a monthly user check, however new and different user checks are required. Here’s what you need to know. 

Monthly Checks 

Per Airbus Memorandum ME1720084, four monthly checks are required for all LED lamps used for inspection: Beam Variability, Minimum Working Distance, Beam Irradiance Profile, and Maximum Irradiance. The results of these four checks must be recorded in a written report. Some of these will be familiar, but until now the others have only applied to lamp manufacturers. 

Maximum Irradiance Check 

Checking the Maximum Irradiance is the same as a normal UV-A lamp intensity check. The lamp is held at a fixed distance from the UV-A meter and the irradiance is verified in µW/cm2. For Airbus, this check is performed at the individual lamp working distance. As part of Airbus and Rolls-Royce certification, lamp manufacturers will verify the working distance of each individual lamp for a maximum irradiance of 5,000 µW/cm2, and the result is listed on the lamp certification. That working distance should be used in place of the standard 15 in / 38 cm distance to comply with the latest Airbus requirements. 

Most UV-A lamps on the market are set to provide 5,000 µW/cm2 at a distance of 15 in / 38 cm. Learn what’s so special about those numbers here

Beam Variability Check 

The Beam Variability can be verified during a regular “White Paper” check. The lamp is held at a distance from a large sheet of white paper, and the beam is observed. There should be no obvious intensity fluctuations, flicker or strobing, just as there should not be any obvious bright or dim spots within the beam. Note that this is a subjective check and is recorded as either acceptable or unacceptable. Photo documentation is not required. 

Minimum Working Distance Check 

The other two monthly checks are new for users. The procedures are given in ASTM E3022, which is a specification intended for lamp manufacturers. Per E3022, the Minimum Working Distance is the shortest distance the lamp can be used before the beam is not uniform. Thankfully, it can be easily verified during a regular “White Paper” check. After checking the Beam Variability above, slowly move the lamp closer to the white paper until the beam pattern exhibits a visible non-uniformity, or individual LEDs become distinct. The distance where the beam is obviously non-uniform is recorded as the Minimum Working Distance. To fully comply with Airbus requirements, the maximum intensity of 5,000 µW/cm2 will likely be reached before the Minimum Working Distance per E3022. 

Learn what to consider when looking for a new UV-A light for fluorescent penetrant testing or magnetic particle inspection 

4 Monthly Checks Required for all LED Inspection-Grade Lamps

 

ASTM E3022, FIG. 2 
Example of Uniform and Non-Uniform Projected Beams 
for Determining Minimum Working Distance 

Beam Irradiance Profile Check 

The last monthly check is the Beam Irradiance Profile. While the previous user checks can be done easily with minor changes to procedures already in place, verifying the beam profile of an LED lamp is far more involved. A detailed procedure can be found in E3022 Section 7.4, and Airbus has specified a few changes as well. 

  1. Mount      the lamp above a flat workbench at the individual lamp working      distance (with 5000 µW/cm2 maximum intensity from the      individual lamp certification). 

  1. Turn      on the lamp and allow it to stabilize. E3022 specifies at least 30      minutes before taking any measurements. 

  1. Use a      calibrated UV-A radiometer to find the maximum irradiance at the center of      the beam and record the intensity. 

  1. Starting      from the center as a zero-point, move the UV-A sensor      laterally and record the intensity using an 0.5 in / 13 mm grid,      mapping the full beam profile until the intensity drops below 200      µW/cm2. 

  1. Using      this data, create a 2-D plot of the beam irradiance,      and report the diameter of the beam at 1000      µW/cm2 and 200 µW/cm2. 

  2. For      hand-held lamps, the diameter at 1000 µW/cm2 must be at      least 5 in / 127 mm.

     

SL8104 Series:SL8104-Hight Version;SL8104-Standard Version;SL8104-Aerospace RRES90061 Abbreviation:SL8104-H;SL8104-S;SL8104-AR(The Original Model:SL8104-21K,13K,5K)

(We master the core technology, We can adjust the intensity of the UV according to customer requirements requirements)

Model

SL8104-Aerospace RRES90061

SL8104-Standard Version

SL8104-Hight Version

Number of UV LEDs

4 x 5W 365NM UV LED

The  Smae

The Same

UV Intensity at 15inch(380mm)

4000-5000uw/cm2

13000uw/cm2

21000uw/cm2

Visible light emission

< 0.5 FC(5 lux)
 with white light filters Meets ASTM E3022 and  RRES 90061

< 2 FC(20 lux)

 with black light filters 

< 2 FC(20 lux)

 with black light filters 

Irradiated Area in 38cm Distance

180*260mm

130*180mm

120*160mm

Power supply

Polymer battery pack DC

The Same

The Same

Suitable for industry

All Aeronautics NDT

Except Aeronautics NDT

Except Aeronautics NDT

Attention to SL8104-Aerospace RRES90061   Meets Rolls-Royce RRES 90061 Requirements

ASTM E1417, ASTM E1444, ASTM E 709, ASTM E2297, ASTM E3022 compliant

Meets ASTM UV-A intensity and wavelength specifications for FPI and MPI.

 

ASTM E3022, FIG. 1 
Example of Beam Irradiance Profile 

 

Mapping the Beam Irradiance Profile requires a dedicated fixture to mount the lamp and hold it steady while measurements are taken. It’s very important to use a fixture to hold the lamp in place for the full test. That’s because UV-A intensity follows the inverse-square law, so any small changes in the distance to the UV-A meter are multiplied and will skew the results. Mapping the Beam Irradiance Profile also takes time. Just for the minimum 5 in / 127 mm beam diameter, the 2-D map requires at least 170 separate measurements. The full Beam Irradiance Profile out to 200 µW/cm2 can mean 4 times as much data and hours of labor. This check cannot be done while manually holding the lamp. 



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